This applies to Victoria, own the more liberal states in Australia.
Sweeping January 1 changes to the state’s reproductive laws mean that non-birth parents can now be named on birth certificates.
[…]Other changes to the Assisted Reproductive Act included recognition of “social” as well as “medical” infertility, meaning single women, gays and lesbians can access IVF treatment or commission a surrogate.
The new laws also mean children conceived using donors have the right to find out about their biological heritage once they turn 18.
Victorian Registry of Births Deaths and Marriages spokeswoman Erin Keleher, said the department was delighted it can recognise rainbow families. “It’s on the vanguard of social change,” she said.
So the state is assigning parental rights to people who are not biologically related to the child. Is that fair to the child? Is it in the best interests of the child? Do same-sex relationships offer the same benefits to a child as an opposite-sex marriage with two parents biologically linked to the child?
I wrote about the research that answers that last question here.