Why are young evangelicals reluctant to defend Biblical Christianity in public?

Here’s an interesting post by Mark Tooley in the American Spectator.


A new generation of evangelical elites is imploring evangelicals to step back from the culture wars. Mostly they want to escape polarizing strong stances on same-sex marriage and abortion, and perhaps also contentious church-state issues, like the Obamacare contraceptive mandate.

Purportedly the evangelical church is failing to reach young, upwardly mobile professionals because evangelicals, who now broadly comprise perhaps one third of all Americans, are seen as reactionary and hateful. On their college campuses, at their coffee shops, and in their yoga classes, among other venues, some outspoken hip young evangelicals want a new public image for their faith.

[…]A popular young evangelical blogger echoing Merritt’s theme is Rachel Evans, who conveniently grew up in the Tennessee small town famous for the Scopes Monkey Trial. Her 2010 book was Evolving in Monkey Town: How a Girl Who Knew All the Answers Learned to Ask the Questions. “We are tired of the culture wars,” she explained in a recent interview. “We are tired of politics.” Lamenting the church’s preoccupation with “shame and guilt,” she urged evangelicals to reconsider their opposition to same-sex unions.

The post has a nice history of how evangelicals have always been involved in moral and political issues, and it’s worth reading. But I want to make a different point below.

Compartmentalization of faith

What’s at the root of this movement to back away from moral issues? Here’s what I think is the problem. When you advocate for moral causes like protecting the unborn, or school choice, or freeing the slaves, a bunch of people are not going to like you. Christians in the time of Jesus knew that being bold about their Christian convictions would make a lot of people think bad things about them – they expected it. But young evangelicals have gotten the idea that being a Christian should not involve any sort of unhappiness and unpopularity. They wouldn’t have learned this from the Bible, because the Bible emphasizes suffering and unpopularity as part of the normal Christian life. It is their experience of church (and the hedonistic culture around them) that is likely to reinforce that view.

What young evangelicals learn in many churches is that religion is something that is centered on the Bible and the church building – it is not something that flows into real life. They learn that you can’t find out anything about God from the Big Bang, the DNA, the fossil record, or even from the peer-reviewed research on abortion, divorce, or gay marriage. They learn from the Bible that helping the poor is good, but then they never pick up an economic textbook to see which economic system really helps the poor. What you learn about in church is that religion is private and has no connection to reality whatsoever. This fits in with their view that Christianity should make them happy, because they’ve learned that it doesn’t involve any studying to connect the Bible to the real world.

What follows from having a view that Christianity only lives in the Bible and church, and not out there in the real world of telescopes and microscopes? Well, most young evangelicals interpret what their pastor is telling them as “our flavor of ice cream” or “our cultural preference”. They don’t link Christianity to the real world, they don’t think that it’s true for everyone. They think that you just accept what the Bible says on faith, and that’s all. No reasons can be given to non-Christians outside of just asking them to accept the Bible. Younger evangelicals believe that there are no facts that confirm or disprove Christianity – it’s just a blind belief. Young evangelicals think that their faith doesn’t have to be complemented with careful study of how things work in the real world.

What is the result of this anti-intellectual compartmentalization of faith? The result is that young evangelicals will balk at the idea of telling someone that they are going to Hell if they don’t believe in Jesus. They will balk at the idea that feminism is to blame for the destruction of the family. They will balk at the idea that the best way to help the poor is to push for free market capitalism. They will balk at the idea that it is wrong to kill unborn children. They will balk at the idea that disarmament and pacifism embolden terrorists and tyrants to attack peace-loving people. They will balk at the idea that traditional marriage is better for society and children. They will balk at the idea that man-made catastrophic global warming is not supported by science. They lack courage to take Biblical positions, because they first lack knowledge. They don’t know how to make the case using evidence that their opponents will accept – mainstream evidence from publicly accessible sources.

Christianity is a knowledge tradition

If the purpose of religion is to have happy feelings and be liked, then studying the real world to find out whether the Bible is true is bad religion. If religion is divorced from reality, then it’s just a personal preference influenced by how a person was raised. No young evangelical is going to lift a finger to take bold moral stands if they think their worldview is just one option among many – like the flavors of ice cream in the frozen section of the grocery store. They have to know that what they are saying is true – then they will be bold. An example: there was a time when people believed that God did not create the first living cell, because it was just a simple lump of protoplasm that could easily come about by accident. Now we know better, and we can boldly make the case for intelligent design based on hard evidence – if we put in the time to study the evidence.

And it is the same for everything – from theological claims, to moral claims, to social claims, to economic claims, to foreign policy claims. It doesn’t matter if people call you names when you have the facts to support unpopular claims, and that’s why public, authentic Christianity is built on knowledge of facts. Non-Christians being offended by your claims doesn’t change the way the world is.

6 thoughts on “Why are young evangelicals reluctant to defend Biblical Christianity in public?”

  1. Good points. Other aspects to the problem are denial or lack of knowledge of God’s sovereignty and God’s law. Since they just see Christianity as a way to get to heaven, they don’t see God ruling the whole world, judging and blessing in terms of His law. They need to see that the gospel is more than about getting your soul to heaven. It is about restoring God’s creation as people obey God’s law.


  2. To be fair, not everyone can hide behind a pseudonym. I agree with your point overall but perhaps they feel as you do if they fully defend Christianity they will be attacked financially, socially, and in other ways.

    The issues you cite such as gay marriage, abortion etc are issues which one of my mentors refers to as ‘Hand Grenades’….things that people throw into a conversation to derail the main thrust of our arguments…..that being that Jesus Christ is the resurrected Son of God.

    If our main focus is defending that point and pointing people to Christ, believing through logic and reason that he is exactly who the Bible says he is….then these other issues will resolve themselves as people begin to believe the Bible actually is the word of God. If I didn’t believe Jesus was who the Bible said he is, then I wouldn’t care at all about your opinion on abortion or gay marriage or anything else. Let us not lose sight of the forest fore the trees.


  3. Reblogged this on Patriactionary and commented:
    Is Mark Tooley only looking at a handful of dissidents – as I know some would say – or is he noticing a legit trend? I think the latter; after all, how do such people become popular, sell bestselling books, if they have no clout, and mean nothing whatsoever?


  4. The issue is complex, but thankfully God is sovereign and in 100% control. I think that the Spirit is taking His movement across other areas of the globe; the western world has given up on following after Him. However, a decline in nominal Christianity in America and Europe helps expose the pretenders and forces believers to choose this day Whom they will serve. We can no longer sit back and mellow-out in the cultural noise that gave its assent to Christian principles. Our voices are now becoming more and more counter-cultural day-by-day, and that is exactly what Christ would have us do, I believe.

    Now, I do agree that we have a responsibility to proclaim the Gospel and focus first and foremost on His salvation that He has brought to mankind. If we wrap ourselves in the flag and basically make ourselves out to be as an auxiliary to the Republican Party or Tea Party, then we make a big mistake as followers of Christ. However, at the same time that we preach the saving grace of Jesus, we cannot hide our beliefs about the necessity of living a life that produces fruit according to the Spirit. Not standing up for the unborn children and not advocating for marriage between man and woman is not prudence; it is cowardice. We all want to be liked, and as you mentioned, it has been ingrained in Christians that we are to be the likable, happy folk that go around in a non-offensive way. But, as you also mentioned, the Gospel offends, the world hates it and us, and the tension is only going to build. Be of good cheer, for He has overcome the world!


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