Note: This post has a twin post which talks about the crime-preventing effect of capital punishment.
First, let’s take a look at what the Bible says in general about capital punishment, using this lecture featuring eminent theologian Wayne Grudem.
About Wayne Grudem:
Grudem holds a BA from Harvard University, a Master of Divinity from Westminster Theological Seminary, and a PhD from the University of Cambridge. In 2001, Grudem became Research Professor of Bible and Theology at Phoenix Seminary. Prior to that, he had taught for 20 years at Trinity Evangelical Divinity School, where he was chairman of the department of Biblical and Systematic Theology.
Grudem served on the committee overseeing the English Standard Version translation of the Bible, and in 1999 he was the president of the Evangelical Theological Society. He is a co-founder and past president of the Council on Biblical Manhood and Womanhood. He is the author of, among other books, Systematic Theology: An Introduction to Biblical Doctrine, which advocates a Calvinistic soteriology, the verbal plenary inspiration and inerrancy of the Bible, the body-soul dichotomy in the nature of man, and the complementarian (rather than egalitarian) view of gender equality.
- what kinds of crimes might require CP?
- what did God say to Noah about CP?
- what does it mean that man is made in the image of God?
- is CP just about taking revenge?
- what does CP say about the value of human life?
- does CP apply to animals, too?
- could the statements supporting CP be understood as symbolic?
- one purpose of CP is to protecting the public
- another purpose of CP is to deter further wrongdoing
- but the Biblical purpose of CP is to achieve justice by retribution
- does the Pope make a good argument against CP?
- what is the role of civil government in achieving retribution?
- do people in Heaven who are sinless desire God to judge sinners?
- should crimes involving property alone be subject to CP?
- is the Mosaic law relevant for deciding which crimes are capital today?
- should violent crimes where no one dies be subject to CP?
- is CP widespread in the world? why or why not?
- what are some objections to CP from the Bible?
- how do you respond to those objections to CP?
- should civil government also turn the other cheek for all crimes?
- what is the “whole life ethic” and is it Biblical?
- what do academic studies show about the deterrence effect of CP?
- how often have innocent people been executed in the USA?
- should there be a higher burden of proof for CP convictions?
You can find more talks by Wayne Grudem here.